Grades 9–10 Core Scientific Inquiry, Literacy, and Numeracy
How is scientific knowledge created and communicated?
Content Standards
Expected Performances
♦ Scientific inquiry is a thoughtful and coordinated attempt to search out, describe, explain, and predict natural phenomena.
♦ Scientific inquiry progresses through a continuous process of questioning, data collection, analysis, and interpretation.
♦ Scientific inquiry requires the sharing of findings and ideas for critical review by colleagues and other scientists.

♦ Scientific literacy includes the ability to read, write, discuss, and present coherent ideas about science.
♦ Scientific literacy also includes the ability to search for and assess the relevance and credibility of scientific information found in various print and electronic media.

♦ Scientific numeracy includes the ability to use mathematical operations and procedures to calculate, analyze, and present scientific data and ideas.
D INQ.1 Identify questions that can be answered through scientific investigation.
D INQ.2 Read, interpret, and examine the credibility and validity of scientific claims in different sources of information.
D INQ.3 Formulate a testable hypothesis and demonstrate logical connections between the scientific concepts guiding the hypothesis and the design of the experiment.
D INQ.4 Design and conduct appropriate types of scientific investigations to answer different questions.
D INQ.5 Identify independent and dependent variables, including those that are kept constant and those used as controls.
D INQ.6 Use appropriate tools and techniques to make observations and gather data.
D INQ.7 Assess the reliability of the data that was generated in the investigation.
D INQ.8 Use mathematical operations to analyze and interpret data, and present relationships between variables in appropriate forms.
D INQ.9 Articulate conclusions and explanations based on research data, and assess results based on the design of the investigation.
D INQ.10 Communicate about science in different formats, using relevant science vocabulary, supporting evidence, and clear logic.